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“Education is not to reform students or amuse them or to make them expert technicians. It is to unsettle their minds, widen their horizons, inflame their intellects, teach them to think straight, if possible”—Robert M. Hutchins
Over the last three decades teaching profession has begun to codify its knowledge base for professional practice and to establish standards for teaching practitioner. Education is a profession which always points to a desirable state of mind that is to be brought about through planned and sustained engagement of students facilitated by the teacher. Teaching is art and science which is expected to build learning communities, create the knowledge society and develop the capacities for innovation, flexibility and commitment to change that are essential to build a prosperous society. “New professionalism therefore carries social and emotional as well as technical and intellectual components—to establish emotional bonds with and among children, to lay down the building blocks of empathy, tolerance and commitment to the public good” (Hargreaves,1998).
There is much more to effective teaching than standing in front of the room giving information to the students. And there is much that teachers need to learn in order to do this complex job well. They should know what teachers need to know before they enter the classroom. “Teaching is the selling commodities-they are not sold if nobody buys them, and a teacher has not taught if no one learns” (Jhon Dewey). So one should need professional aptitude and skills to make student’s learning easy. Following are the brief points which makes one as a professional teacher:
- A deep understanding on “aims of education”, purpose of curriculum, mastery on subjects they teach, and knowing how to engage students in teaching-learning process effectively by using child-centric strategies.
- Understanding how child learn and develop, how they acquire and use language.
- Encouraging child participation and child friendly class rooms to promote creativity and thinking capacities among children.
- Be able to observe, monitor, and assess children to gain accurate feedback about their learning and development.
- Know how to develop and use assessments that measure learning standards and how to use the results to plan teaching that will address student’s learning needs.
These are the key aspects which teachers should master to become an effective professional who plays an important role in developing children’s personality and also to realize the aims of education. I personally feel that teaching is not just a profession, it is a profession with service. So teacher needs to put his mind, heart and soul to become a successful teacher.
Aims of Education and Environment
“The aims of education serves as broad guidelines to align educational processes to chosen ideals and accepted principles. The aims of education simultaneously reflect the current needs and aspirations of a society as well as its lasting values, and the immediate concerns of a community as well as broad human ideals”. (NCF 2005)
Above statement depicts the broader aim of education quoted in NCF 2005. The lines written in bold reflects the significance of education in building sensitivity towards environment. Protecting environment is one among those most important issues which comes under current need and moreover it is an immediate concern which needs greater efforts to safeguard our eco-system. Curriculum designed in school should address the current needs and immediate concerns of society.
Education should focus on engaging with children of all demographics to;
- Think critically, ethically, and creatively when evaluating environmental issues;
- Make educated judgments about those environmental issues:
- Develop skills and a commitment to act independently and collectively to sustain and enhance the environment; and
- To enhance their appreciation of the environment; resulting in positive environmental behavioral change (Bamberg & Moeser, 2007; Wals etc al, 2014).
Hence, education should develop an ability in individuals and communities to gain knowledge of the environment, its nature, significance, associated problems, solutions to these problems and motivation to solve them. These individuals and community should also take active involvement in transition of these knowledge from current generation to future generation. But as I have observed modern education is unable to transmit our values related to environment. Current system has failed to understand the scientific temper in understanding many of our traditional practice which are pro-environmental. These practices plays a major role preserving the surrounding environment and using environment in fruitful way without harming the nature.
So content taught and pedagogy used in school should include related to preserving our environment. Along with this, it is the responsibility of teachers to think outside their curriculum and pedagogy to give values of environment in an informal way. Teacher need to do this by creating an environment in school to give these knowledge. Like planting trees around school, gardening, involving folks in these activities and encouraging them to do this at home and their community. Make them aware of importance of kind of food habit and living style and other pro-environment practices they follow at particular community.
Education should make our children more sensitive towards environment. They should feel that they are not just the benefit taker of environment. They are part of this environment and they have responsibility to maintain the sustainability of environment in which live.